THE SMOKY GOD, or A Voyage to the Inner World by Willis George Emerson
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"He is the God who sits in the center, on the navel of the earth, and he is the interpreter of religion to all mankind." - Plato.

  PART ONE: Author's Foreword

I fear the seemingly incredible story which I am about to relate will be regarded as the result of a distorted intellect super-induced, possibly, by the glamour of unveiling a marvelous mystery, rather than a truthful record of the unparalleled experiences related by one Olaf Jansen, whose eloquent madness so appealed to my imagination that all thought of an analytical criticism has been effectually dispelled.

Marco Polo will doubtless shift uneasily in his grave at the strange story I am called upon to chronicle; a story as strange as a Munchausen tale. It is also incongruous that I, a disbeliever, should be the one to edit the story of Olaf Jansen, whose name is now for the first time given to the world, yet who must hereafter rank as one of the notables of earth.

I freely confess his statements admit of no rational analysis, but have to do with the profound mystery concerning the frozen North that for centuries has claimed the attention of scientists and laymen alike.

However much they are at variance with the cosmographical manuscripts of the past, these plain statements may be relied upon as a record of the things Olaf Jansen claims to have seen with his own eyes.

A hundred times I have asked myself whether it is possible that the world's geography is incomplete, and that the startling narrative of Olaf Jansen is predicated upon demonstrable facts. The reader may be able to answer these queries to his own satisfaction, however far the chronicler of this narrative may be from having reached a conviction. Yet sometimes even I am at a loss to know whether I have been led away from an abstract truth by the ignes fatui of a clever superstition, or whether heretofore accepted facts are, after all, founded upon falsity.

It may be that the true home of Apollo was not at Delphi, but in that older earth-center of which Plato speaks, where he says: "Apollo's real home is among the Hyperboreans, in a land of perpetual life, where mythology tells us two doves flying from the two opposite ends of the world met in this fair region, the home of Apollo. Indeed, according to Hecataeus, Leto, the mother of Apollo, was born on an island in the Arctic Ocean far beyond the North Wind."

It is not my intention to attempt a discussion of the theogony of the deities nor the cosmogony of the world. My simple duty is to enlighten the world concerning a heretofore unknown portion of the universe, as it was seen and described by the old Norseman, Olaf Jansen.

Interest in northern research is international. Eleven nations are engaged in, or have contributed to, the perilous work of trying to solve Earth's one remaining cosmological mystery.

There is a saying, ancient as the hills, that "truth is stranger than fiction," and in a most startling manner has this axiom been brought home to me within the last fortnight.

It was just two o'clock in the morning when I was aroused from a restful sleep by the vigorous ringing of my door-bell. The untimely disturber proved to be a messenger bearing a note, scrawled almost to the point of illegibility, from an old Norseman by the name of Olaf Jansen. After much deciphering, I made out the writing, which simply said: "Am ill unto death.  Come." The call was imperative, and I lost no time in making ready to comply.

Perhaps I may as well explain here that Olaf Jansen, a man who quite recently celebrated his ninety-fifth birthday, has for the last half-dozen years been living alone in an unpretentious bungalow out Glendale way, a short distance from the business district of Los Angeles, California.

It was less then two years ago, while out walking one afternoon, that I was attracted by Olaf Jansen's house and it's homelike surroundings, toward its owner and occupant, whom I afterward came to know as a believer in the ancient worship of Odin and Thor.

There was a gentleness in his face, and a kindly expression in the keenly alert gray eyes of this man who had lived more than four-score years and ten; and, withal, a sense of loneliness that appealed to my sympathy. Slightly stooped, and with his hands clasped behind him, he walked back and forth with slow and measured tread, that day when first we met. I can hardly say what particular motive impelled me to pause in my walk and engage him in conversation. He seemed pleased when I complimented him on the attractiveness of his bungalow, and on the well-tended vines and flowers clustering in profusion over its windows, roof and wide piazza.

I soon discovered that my new acquaintance was no ordinary person, but one profound and learned to a remarkable degree; a man who, in the later years of his long life, had dug deeply into books and become strong in the power of meditative silence.

I encouraged him to talk, and soon gathered that he had resided only six or seven years in Southern California, but had passed the dozen years prior in one of the middle Eastern states. Before that he had been a fisherman off the coast of Norway, in the region of the Lofoden Islands, from whence he had made trips still farther north to Spitzbergen and even to Franz Josef Land.

When I started to make my leave, he seemed reluctant to have me go, and asked me to come again. Although at the time I thought nothing of it, I remember now that he made a peculiar remark as I extended my hand in leave-taking. "You will come again?" he asked. "Yes, you will come again some day. I am sure you will; and I shall show you my library and tell you many things of which you have never dreamed, things so wonderful that it may be you will not believe me."

I laughingly assured him that I would not only come again, but would be ready to believe whatever he might choose to tell me of his travels and adventures.

In the days that followed I became well acquainted with Olaf Jansen, and, little by little, he told me his story, so marvelous, that its very daring challenges reason and belief. The old Norseman always expressed himself with so much earnestness and sincerity that I became enthralled by his strange narrations.

Then came the messenger's call that night, and within the hour I was at Olaf Jansen bungalow.

He was very impatient at the long wait, although after being summoned I had come immediately to his bedside.

"I must hasten," he exclaimed, while yet he held my hand in greeting. "I have much to tell you that you know not, and I will trust no one but you. I fully realize," he went on hurriedly," that I shall not survive the night. The time has come to join my fathers in the great sleep."

I adjusted the pillows to make him more comfortable, and assured him I was glad to be able to serve him in any way possible, for I was beginning to realize the seriousness of his condition.

The lateness of the hour, the stillness of the surroundings, the uncanny feeling of being alone with the dying man, together with his weird story, all combined to make my heart beat fast and loud with a feeling for which I have no name. Indeed, there were many times that night by the old Norseman's couch, and there have been many times since, when a sensation rather than a conviction took possession of my very soul, and I seemed not only to believe in, but actually see, the strange lands, the strange people and the strange world of which he told, and to hear the mighty orchestral chorus of a thousand lusty voices.

For over two hours he seemed endowed with almost superhuman strength, talking rapidly, and to all appearances, rationally. Finally he gave me into my hands certain data, drawings and crude maps. "These," said he in conclusion, "I leave in your hands. If I can have your promise to give them to the world, I shall die happy, because I desire that people may know the truth, for then all mystery concerning the frozen Northland will be explained. There is no chance of your suffering the fate I suffered. They will not put you in irons, nor confine you in a mad-house, because you are not telling your own story, but mine, and I, thanks to the gods, Odin and Thor, will be in my grave, and so beyond the reach of disbelievers who would persecute."

Without a thought of the far-reaching results the promise entailed, or foreseeing the many sleepless nights which the obligation has since brought me, I gave my hand and with it a pledge to discharge faithfully his dying wish.

As the sun rose over the peaks of the San Jacinto, far to the eastward, the spirit of Olaf Jansen, the navigator, the explorer and worshiper of Odin and Thor, the man whose experiences and travels, as related, are without a parallel in the world's history, passed away, and I was left alone with the dead.

And now, after having paid the last sad rites to this strange man from the Lofoden Islands, and the still farther "Northward Ho!", the courageous explorer of frozen regions, who in his declining years (after he had passed the four-score mark) had sought an asylum of restful peace in sunfavored California, I will undertake to make public his story.

But, first of all, let me indulge in one or two reflections:

Generation follows generation, and the traditions from the misty past are handed down from sire to son, but for some strange reason interest in the ice-locked unknown does not abate with the receding years, either in the minds of the ignorant or the tutored.

With each new generation a restless impulse stirs the hearts of men to capture the veiled citadel of the Arctic, the circle of silence, the land of glaciers, cold wastes of waters and winds that are strangely warm. Increasing interest is manifested in the mountainous icebergs, and marvelous speculations are indulged in concerning the earth's center of gravity, the cradle of the tides, where the whales have their nurseries, where the magnetic needle goes mad, where the Aurora Borealis illumines the night, and where brave and courageous spirits of every generation dare to venture and explore, defying the dangers of the "Farthest North."

One of the ablest works of recent years is "Paradise Found, or the Cradle of The Human Race at the North Pole," by William F. Warren. In his carefully prepared volume, Mr. Warren almost stubbed his toe against the real truth, but missed it seemingly by only a hair's breadth, if the old Norseman's revelation be true.

Dr. Orville Livingston Leech, scientist, in a recent article, says: "The possibilities of land inside the earth were first brought to my attention when I picked up a geode on the shores of the Great Lakes. The geode is a spherical and apparently solid stone, but when broken is found to be hollow and coated with crystals. The earth is only a large form of a geode, and the law that created the geode in its hollow form undoubtedly fashioned the earth in the same way."

In presenting the theme of this almost incredible story, as told by Olaf Jansen, and supplemented by manuscript, maps and crude drawings entrusted to me, a fitting introduction is found in the following quotation:

"In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth, and the earth was without form and void." And also, "God created man in his own image." Therefore, even in things material, man must be God-like, because he is in the likeness of the Father.

A man builds a house for himself and family. The porches or verandas are all without, and are secondary. The building is really constructed for the conveniences within.

Olaf Jansen makes the startling announcement through me, an humble instrument, that in like manner, God created the earth for the "within" - that is to say, for its lands, seas, rivers, mountains, forests and valleys, and for its other internal conveniences, while the outside surface of the earth is merely the veranda, the porch, where things grow by comparison but sparsely, like the lichen on the mountain side, clinging determinedly for bare existence.

Take an egg-shell, and from each end break out a piece as large as the end of this pencil. Extract its contents, and then you will have a perfect representation of Olaf Jansen's earth. The distance from the inside surface to the outside surface, according to him, is about three hundred miles. The center of gravity is not in the center of the earth, but in the center of the shell or crust; therefore, if the thickness of the earth's crust or shell is three hundred miles, the center of gravity is one hundred and fifty miles below the surface.

In their log-books Arctic explorers tell us of the dipping of the needle as the vessel sails in regions of the farthest north known. In reality, they are at the curve; on the edge of the shell, where gravity is geometrically increased, and while the electric current seemingly dashes off into space toward the phantom idea of the North Pole, yet this same electric current drops again and continues its course southward along the inside surface of the earth's crust.

In the appendix to his work, Captain Sabine gives an account of experiments to determine the acceleration of the pendulum in different latitudes. This appears to have resulted from the joint labor of Peary and Sabine. He says: "The accidental discovery that a pendulum on being removed from Paris to the neighborhood of the equator increased its time of vibration, gave the first step to our present knowledge that the polar axis of the globe is less than the equatorial; that the force of gravity at the surface of the earth increases progressively from the equator toward the poles."

According to Olaf Jansen, in the beginning this old world of ours was created solely for the "within" world, where are located the four great rivers -- the Euphrates, the Pison, the Gihon and the Hiddekel. These same names of rivers, when applied to streams on the "outside" surface of the earth, are purely traditional from an antiquity beyond the memory of man.

On the top of a high mountain, near the fountain-head of these four rivers, Olaf Jansen, the Norseman, claims to have discovered the long-lost "Garden of Eden," the veritable navel of the earth, and to have spent over two years studying and reconnoitering in this marvelous "within" land, exuberant with stupendous plant life and abounding in giant animals; a land where the people live to be centuries old, after the order of Methuselah and other Biblical characters; a region where one-quarter of the "inner" surface is water and three-quarters land; where there are large oceans and many rivers and lakes; where the cities are superlative in construction and magnificence; where modes of transportation are as far in advance of ours as we with our boasted achievements are in advance of the inhabitants of "darkest Africa."

The distance directly across the space from inner surface to inner surface is about six hundred miles less than the recognized diameter of the earth. In the identical center of this vast vacuum is the seat of electricity -- a mammoth ball of dull red fire -- not startlingly brilliant, but surrounded by a white, mild, luminous cloud, giving out uniform warmth, and held in its place in the center of this internal space by the immutable law of gravitation. This electrical cloud is known to the people "within" as the abode of "The Smoky God." They believe it to be the throne of "The Most High."

Olaf Jansen reminded me of how, in the old college days, we were all familiar with the laboratory demonstrations of centrifugal motion, which clearly proved that, if the earth were a solid, the rapidity of its revolution upon its axis would tear it into a thousand fragments.

The old Norseman also maintained that from the farthest points of land on the islands of Spitzbergen and Franz Josef Land, flocks of geese may be seen annually flying still farther northward, just as the sailors and explorers record in their log-books. No scientist has yet been audacious enough to attempt to explain, even to his own satisfaction, toward what lands these winged fowls are guided by their subtle instinct. However, Olaf Jansen has given us a most reasonable explanation.

The presence of the open sea in the Northland is also explained. Olaf Jansen claims that the northern aperture, intake or hole, so to speak, is about fourteen hundred miles across. In connection with this, let us read what Explorer Nansen writes, on page 288 of his book: "I have never had such a splendid sail. On to the north, steadily north, with a good wind, as fast as stream and sail can take us, an open sea mile after mile, watch after watch, through these unknown regions, always clearer and clearer of ice, one might almost say: 'How long will it last?' The eye always turns to the northward as one paces the bridge. It is gazing into the future. But there is always the same dark sky ahead which means open sea." Again, the Norwood Review of England, in its issue of May 10, 1884, says: "We do not admit that there is ice up to the Pole - once inside the great ice barrier, a new world breaks upon the explorer, the climate is mild like that of England, and, afterward, balmy as the Greek Isles."

Some of the rivers "within," Olaf Jansen claims, are larger than our Mississippi and Amazon rivers combined, in point of volume of water carried; indeed their greatness is occasioned by their width and depth rather than their length, and it is at the mouths of these mighty rivers, as they flow northward and southward along the inside surface of the earth, that mammoth icebergs are found, some of them fifteen and twenty miles wide and from forty to one hundred miles in length.

Is it not strange that there has never been an iceberg encountered either in the Arctic or Antarctic Ocean that is not composed of fresh water? Modern scientists claim that freezing eliminates the salt, but Olaf Jansen claims differently.

Ancient Hindoo, Japanese and Chinese writings, as well as hieroglyphics of the extinct races of the North American continent, all speak of the custom of sun-worshiping, and it is possible, in the startling light of Olaf Jansen's revelations, that the people of the inner world, lured away by glimpses of the sun as it shone upon the inner surface of the earth, either from the northern or the southern opening, became dissatisfied with "The Smoky God," the great pillar or mother cloud of electricity, and, weary of their continuously mild and pleasant atmosphere, followed the brighter light, and were finally led beyond the ice belt and scattered over the "outer" surface of the earth, through Asia, Europe, North America and, later, Africa, Australia and South America.1

1The following quotation is significant; "It follows that man issuing from a mother-region still undetermined but which a number of considerations indicate to have been in the North, has radiated in several directions; that his migrations have been constantly from North to South." - M. le Marquis G. de Saporta, in Popular Science Montly, October, 1883, page 753.

It is a notable fact that, as we approach the Equator, the stature of the human race grows less. But the Patagonians of South America are probably the only aborigines from the center of the earth who came out through the aperture usually designated as the South Pole, and they are called the giant race.

Olaf Jansen avers that, in the beginning, the world was created by the Great Architect of the Universe, so that man might dwell upon its "inside" surface, which has ever since been the habitation of the "chosen."

They who were driven out of the "Garden of Eden" brought their traditional history with them.

The history of the people living "within" contains a narrative suggesting the story of Noah and the ark with which we are familiar. He sailed away, as did Columbus, from a certain port, to a strange land he had heard of far to the northward, carrying with him all manner of beasts of the fields and fowls of the air, but was never heard of afterward.

On the northern boundaries of Alaska, and still more frequently on the Siberian coast, are found bone-yards containing tusks of ivory in quantities so great as to suggest the burying-places of antiquity. From Olaf Jansen's account, they have come from the great prolific animal life that abounds in the fields and forests and on the banks of numerous rivers of the Inner World. The materials were caught in the ocean currents, or were carried on ice-floes, and have accumulated like driftwood on the Siberian coast. This has been going on for ages, and hence these mysterious bone-yards.

On this subject William F. Warren, in his book already cited, pages 297 and 298, says: "The Arctic rocks tell of a lost Atlantis more wonderful than Plato's. The fossil ivory beds of Siberia excel everything of the kind in the world. From the days of Pliny, at least, they have constantly been undergoing exploitation, and still they are the chief headquarters of supply. The remains of mammoths are so abundant that, as Gratacap says, 'the northern islands of Siberia seem built up of crowded bones.' Another scientific writer, speaking of the islands of New Siberia, northward of the mouth of the River Lena, uses this language: 'Large quantities of ivory are dug out of the ground every year. Indeed, some of the islands are believed to be nothing but an accumulation of drift-timber and the bodies of mammoths and other antediluvian animals frozen together.' From this we may infer that, during the years that have elapsed since the Russian conquest of Siberia, useful tusks from more than twenty thousand mammoths have been collected."

But now for the story of Olaf Jansen. I give it in detail, as set down by himself in manuscript, and woven into the tale, just as he placed them are certain quotations from recent works on Arctic exploration, showing how carefully the old Norseman compared with his own experiences those of other voyagers to the frozen North. Thus wrote the disciple of Odin and Thor:


My name is Olaf Jansen. I am a Norwegian, although I was born in the little

seafaring Russian town of Uleaborg, on the eastern coast of the gulf of

Bothnia, the northern arm of the Baltic Sea.

My parents were on a fishing cruise in the Gulf of Bothnia, and put into this

Russian town of Uleaborg at the time of my birth, being the twenty-seventh day

of October, 1811.

My father, Jens Jansen, was born at Rodwig on the Scandinavian coast, near the

Lofoden Islands, but after marrying made his home at Stockholm, because my

mother's people resided in that city. When seven years old, I began going with

my father on his fishing trips along the Scandinavian coast.

Early in life I displayed an aptitude for books, and at the age of nine years

was placed in a private school in Stockholm, remaining there until I was

fourteen. After this I made regular trips with my father on all his fishing


My father was a man fully six feet three in height, and weighed over fifteen

stone, a typical Norseman of the most rugged sort, and capable of more

endurance than any other man I have ever known. He possessed the gentleness

of a woman in tender little ways, yet his determination and will-power were

beyond description. His will admitted of no defeat.

I was in my nineteenth year when we started on what proved to be our last trip

as fishermen, and which resulted in the strange story that shall be given to

the world, - but not until I have finished my earthly pilgrimage.

I dare not allow the facts as I know them to be published while I am living,

for fear of further humiliation, confinement and suffering. First of all,

I was put in irons by the captain of the whaling vessel that rescued me, for

no other reason than that I told the truth about the marvelous discoveries

made by my father and myself. But this was far from being the end of my


After four years and eight months' absence I reached Stockholm, only to find

my mother had died the previous year, and the property left by my parents in

the possession of my mother's people, but it was at once made over to me.

All might have been well, had I erased from my memory the story of our

adventure and of my father's terrible death.

Finally, one day I told the story in detail to my uncle, Gustaf Osterlind, a

man of considerable property, and urged him to fit out an expedition for me to

make another voyage to the strange land.

At first I thought he favored my project. He seemed interested, and invited me

to go before certain officials and explain to them, as I had to him, the story

of our travels and discoveries. Imagine my disappointment and horror when, upon

the conclusion of my narrative, certain papers were signed by my uncle, and,

without warning, I found myself arrested and hurried away to dismal and fearful

confinement in a madhouse, where I remained for twenty-eight years - long,

tedious, frightful years of suffering!

I never ceased to assert my sanity, and to protest against the injustice of my

confinement. Finally, on the seventeenth of October, 1862, I was released. My

uncle was dead, and the friends of my youth were now strangers. Indeed, a man

over fifty years old, whose only known record is that of a madman, has no


I was at a loss to know what to do for a living, but instinctively turned

toward the harbor where fishing boats in great numbers were anchored, and

within a week I had shipped with a fisherman by the name of Yan Hansen, who

was starting on a long fishing cruise to the Lofoden Islands.

Here my earlier years of training proved of the very greatest advantage,

especially in enabling me to make myself useful. This was but the beginning

of other trips, and by frugal economy I was, in a few years, able to own a

fishing-brig of my own.

For twenty-seven years thereafter I followed the sea as a fisherman, five years

working for others, and the last twenty-two for myself.

During all these years I was a most diligent student of books, as well as a

hard worker at my business, but I took great care not to mention to anyone the

story concerning the discoveries made by my father and myself. Even at this

late day I would be fearful of having any one see or know the things I am

writing, and the records and maps I have in my keeping. When my days on earth

are finished, I shall leave maps and records that will enlighten and, I hope,

benefit mankind.

The memory of my long confinement with maniacs, and all the horrible anguish

and sufferings are too vivid to warrant my taking further chances.

In 1889 I sold out my fishing boats, and found I had accumulated a fortune

quite sufficient to keep me the remainder of my life. I then came to America.

For a dozen years my home was in Illinois, near Batavia, where I gathered most

of the books in my present library, though I brought many choice volumes from

Stockholm. Later, I came to Los Angeles, arriving here March 4, 1901. The date

I well remember, as it was President McKinley's second inauguration day. I

bought this humble home and determined, here in the privacy of my own abode,

sheltered by my own vine and fig-tree, and with my books about me, to make

maps and drawings of the new lands we had discovered, and also to write the

story in detail from the time my father and I left Stockholm until the tragic

event that parted us in the Antarctic Ocean.

I well remember that we left Stockholm in our fishing-sloop on the third day

of April, 1829, and sailed to the southward, leaving Gothland Island to the

left and Oeland Island to the right. A few days later we succeeded in doubling

Sandhommar Point, and made our way through the sound which separates Denmark

from Scandinavian coast. In due time we put in at the town of Christiansand,

where we rested two days, and then started around the Scandinavian coast to

the westward, bound for the Lofoden Islands.

My father was in high spirit, because of the excellent and gratifying returns

he had received from our last catch by marketing at Stockholm, instead of

selling at one of the seafaring towns along the Scandinavian coast. He was

especially pleased with the sale of some ivory tusks that he had found on

the west coast of Franz Joseph Land during one of his northern cruises the

previous year, and he expressed the hope that this time we might again be

fortunate enough to load our little fishing-sloop with ivory, instead of cod,

herring, mackerel and salmon.

We put in at Hammerfest, latitude seventy-one degrees and forty minutes, for

a few days' rest. Here we remained one week, laying in an extra supply of

provisions and several casks of drinking-water, and then sailed toward


For the first few days we had an open sea and favoring wind, and then we

encountered much ice and many icebergs. A vessel large than our little

fishing-sloop could not possibly have threaded its way among the labyrinth

of icebergs or squeezed through the barely open channels. These monster bergs

presented an endless succession of crystal palaces, of massive cathedrals and

fantastic mountain ranges, grim and sentinel-like, immovable as some towering

cliff of solid rock, standing silent as sphinx, resisting the restless waves

of a fretful sea.

After many narrow escapes, we arrived at Spitzbergen on the 23d of June, and

anchored at Wijade Bay for a short time, where we were quite successful in our

catches. We then lifted anchor and sailed through the Hinlopen Strait, and

coasted along the North-East-Land.


It will be remembered that Andree started on his fatal balloon voyage from the northwest coast of Spitzbergen.


A strong wind came up from the southwest, and my father said that we had better

take advantage of it and try to reach Franz Josef Land, where, the year before

he had, by accident, found the ivory tusks that had brought him such a good

price at Stockholm.

Never, before or since, have I seen so many sea-fowl; they were so numerous

that they hid the rocks on the coast line and darkened the sky.

For several days we sailed along the rocky coast of Franz Josef Land. Finally,

a favoring wind came up that enabled us to make the West Coast, and, after

sailing twenty-four hours, we came to a beautiful inlet.

One could hardly believe it was the Northland. The place was green with growing

vegetation, and while the area did not comprise more than one or two acres, yet

the air was warm and tranquil. It seemed to be at that point where the Gulf

Stream's influence is most keenly felt.


Sir John Barrow, Bart., F.R.S., in his work entitled "Voyages of Discovery and Research Within the Arctic Regions," says on page 57: "Mr. Beechey refers to what has frequently been found and noticed - the mildness of the temperature on the western coast of Spitzbergen, there being little or no sensation of cold, though the thermometer might be only a few degrees above the freezing-point. The brilliant and lively effect of a clear day, when the sun shines forth with a pure sky, whose azure hue is so intense as to find no parallel even in the boasted Italian sky."

On the east coast there were numerous icebergs, yet here we were in open


water. Far to the west of us, however, were icepacks, and still farther to

the westward the ice appeared like ranges of low hills. In front of us, and

directly to the north, lay an open sea.


Captain Kane, on page 299, quoting from Morton's Journal, the 26th of December, says: "As far as I could see, the open passages were fifteen miles or more wide, with sometimes mashed ice separating them. But it is all small ice, and I think it either drives out to the open space to the north or rots and sinks, as I could see none ahead to the north."


My father was an ardent believer in Odin and Thor, and had frequently told me

they were gods who came from far beyond the "North Wind."

There was a tradition, my father explained, that still farther northward was a

land more beautiful than any that mortal man had ever known, and that it was

inhabited by the "Chosen."


We find the following in "Deutsche Mythologie," page 778, from the pen of Jakob Grimm;"Then the sons of Bor built in the middle of the universe the city called Asgard, where dwell the gods and their kindred, and from that abode work out so many wondrous things both on the earth and in the heavens above it. There is in that city a place called Hlidskjalf, and when Odin is seated there upon his lofty throne he sees over the whole world and discerns all the actions of men."


My youthful imagination was fired by the ardor, zeal and religious fervor of my

good father, and I exclaimed: "Why not sail to this goodly land? The sky is

fair, the wind favourable and the sea open."

Even now I can see the expression of pleasurable surprise on his countenance as

he turned toward me and asked: "My son, are you willing to go with me and

explore - to go far beyond where man has ever ventured?" I answered

affirmatively. "Very well," he replied. "May the god Odin protect us!" and,

quickly adjusting the sails, he glanced at our compass, turned the prow in

due northerly direction through an open channel, and our voyage had begun.


Hall writes, on page 288: "On 23rd of January the two Esquimaux, accompanied by two of the seamen, went to Cape Lupton. They reported a sea of open water extending as far as the eye could reach."


The sun was low in the horizon, as it was still the early summer. Indeed, we

had almost four months of day ahead of us before the frozen night could come

on again.

Our little fishing-sloop sprang forward as if eager as ourselves for adventure.

Within thirty-six hours we were out of sight of the highest point on the coast

line of Franz Josef Land. We seemed to be in a strong current running north by

northeast. Far to the right and to the left of us were icebergs, but our little

sloop bore down on the narrows and passed through channels and out into open

seas - channels so narrow in places that, had our craft been other then small,

we never could have gotten through.

On the third day we came to an island. Its shores were washed by an open sea.

My father determined to land and explore for a day. This new land was destitute

of timber, but we found a large accumulation of drift-wood on the northern

shore. Some of the trunks of the trees were forty feet long and two feet in



Greely tells us in vol. 1, page 100, that: "Privates Connell and Frederick found a large coniferous tree on the beach, just above the extreme high-water mark. It was nearly thirty inches in circumference, some thirty feet long, and had apparently been carried to that point by a current within a couple of years. A portion of it was cut up for fire-wood, and for the first time in that valley, a bright, cheery camp-fire gave comfort to man."


After one day's exploration of the coast line of this island, we lifted anchor

and turned our prow to the north in an open sea.


Dr. Kane says, on page 379 of his works: "I cannot imagine what becomes of the ice. A strong current sets in constantly to the north; but, from altitudes of more than five hundred feet, I saw only narrow strips of ice, with great spaces of open water, from ten to fifteen miles in breadth, between them. It must, therefore, either go to an open space in the north, or dissolve."


I remember that neither my father nor myself had tasted food for almost thirty

hours. Perhaps this was because of the tension of excitement about our strange

voyage in waters farther north, my father said, than anyone ever before been.

Active mentality had dulled the demands of the physical needs.

Instead of cold being intense as we had anticipated, it was really warmer and

more pleasant than it had been while in Hammerfest on the north coast of

Norway, some six weeks before.

Captain Peary's second voyage relates another circumstance which may serve to

confirm a conjecture which has long been maintained by some, that an open sea,

free of ice, exists at or near the Pole. "On the second of November," says

Peary, "the wind freshened up to a gale from north by west, lowered the

thermometer before midnight to 5 degrees, whereas, a rise of wind at Melville

Island was generally accompanied by a simultaneous rise in the thermometer at

low temperatures. May not this," he asks, "be occasioned by the wind blowing

over an open sea in the quarter from which the wind blows? And tend to confirm

the opinion that at or near the Pole an open sea exists?"

We both frankly admitted that we were very hungry, and forthwith I prepared a

substantial meal from our well-stored larder. When we had partaken heartily of

the repast, I told my father I believed I would sleep, as I was beginning to

feel quite drowsy. "Very well," he replied, "I will keep the watch."

I have no way to determine how long I slept; I only know that I was rudely

awakened by a terrible commotion of the sloop. To my surprise, I found my

father sleeping soundly. I cried out lustily to him, and starting up, he

sprang quickly to his feet. Indeed, had he not instantly clutched the rail,

he would certainly have been thrown into the seething waves.

A fierce snow-storm was raging. The wind was directly astern, driving our sloop

at a terrific speed, and was threatening every moment to capsize us. There was

no time to lose, the sails had to be lowered immediately. Our boat was writhing

in convulsions. A few icebergs we knew were on either side of us, but

fortunately the channel was open directly to the north. But would it remain so?

In front of us, girding the horizon from left to right, was a vaporish fog or

mist, black as Egyptian night at the water's edge, and white like a steam-cloud

toward the top, which was finally lost to view as it blended with the great

white flakes of falling snow. Whether it covered a treacherous iceberg, or some

other hidden obstacle against which our little sloop would dash and send us to

a watery grave, or was merely the phenomenon of an Arctic fog, there was no way

to determine.


On the page 284 of his works, Hall writes: "From the top of Providence Berg, a

dark fog was seen to the north, indicating water. At 10 a.m. three of the men

(Kruger, Nindemann and Hobby) went to Cape Lupton to ascertain if possible the

extent of the open water. On their return they reported several open spaces and

much young ice - not more than a day old, so thin that it was easily broken by

throwing pieces of ice upon it."


By what miracle we escaped being dashed to utter destruction, I do not know. I

remember our little craft creaked and groaned, as if its joints were breaking.

It rocked and staggered to and fro as if clutched by some fierce undertow of

whirlpool or maelstrom.

Fortunately our compass had been fastened with long screws to a cross-beam.

Most of our provisions, however, were tumbled out and swept away from the deck

of the cuddy, and had we not taken the precaution at the very beginning to tie

ourselves firmly to the masts of the sloop, we should have been swept into the

lashing sea.

Above the deafening tumult of the raging waves, I heard my father's voice. "Be

courageous, my son," he shouted, "Odin is the god of the waters, the companion

of the brave, and he is with us. Fear not."

To me it seemed there was no possibility of our escaping a horrible death.

The little sloop was shipping water, the snow was falling so fast as to be

blinding,and the waves were tumbling over our counters in reckless

white-sprayed fury. There was no telling what instant we should be dashed

against some drifting icepack. The tremendous swells would heave us up to

the very peaks of mountainous waves, then plunge us down into the depths of

the sea's trough as if our fishing-sloop were a fragile shell. Gigantic

white-capped waves, like veritable walls, fenced us in, fore and aft.

This terrible nerve-racking ordeal, with its nameless horrors of suspense

and agony of fear indescribable, continued for more than three hours, and

all the time we were being driven forward at fierce speed. Then suddenly,

as if growing weary of its frantic exertions, the wind began to lessen its

fury and by degrees to die down.

At last we were in prefect calm. The fog mist had also disappeared, and before

us lay an iceless channel perhaps ten or fifteen miles wide with a few icebergs

far away to our right, and an intermittent archipelago of smaller ones to the


I watched my father closely, determined to remain silent until he spoke.

Presently he untied the rope from his waist and, without saying a word, began

working the pumps, which fortunately were not damaged, relieving the sloop of

the water it had shipped in the madness of the storm.

He put up the sloop's sails as calmly as if casting a fishing-net, and then

remarked that we were ready for a favoring wind when it came. His courage and

persistence were truly remarkable.

On investigation we found less than one-third of our provisions remaining,

while to our utter dismay, we discovered that our water-casks had been swept

overboard during the violent plunging of our boat.

Two of our water-casks were in the main hold, both were empty. We had a fair

supply of food, but no fresh water. I realized at once the awfulness of our

position. Presently I was seized with a consuming thirst. "It is indeed bad,"

remarked my father. "However, let us dry our bedraggled clothing, for we are

soaked to the skin. Trust to the god Odin, my son. Do not give up hope."

The sun was beating down slantingly, as if we were in a southern latitude,

instead of in the far Northland. It was swinging around, its orbit ever

visible and rising higher and higher each day, frequently mist covered, yet

always peering through the lacework of clouds like some fretful eye of fate,

guarding the mysterious Northland and jealously watching the pranks of man.

Far to our right the rays decking the prisms of icebergs were gorgeous. Their

reflections emitted flashes of garnet, of diamond, of sapphire. A pyrotechnic

panorama of countless colors and shapes, while below could be seen the

green-tinted sea, and above, the purple sky.


I tried to forget my thirst by busying myself with bringing up some food and

an empty vessel from the hold. Reaching over the side-rail, I filled the

vessel with water for the purpose of laving my hands and face. To my

astonishment, when the water came in contact with my lips, I could taste no

salt. I was startled by the discovery. "Father!" I fairly gasped, "the water,

the water; it is fresh!" "What, Olaf?" exclaimed my father, glancing hastily

around. "Surely you are mistaken. There is no land. You are going mad." "But

taste it!" I cried.

And thus we made the discovery that the water was indeed fresh, absolutely so,

without the least briny taste or even the suspicion of a salty flavor.

We forthwith filled our two remaining water-casks, and my father declared it

was a heavenly dispensation of mercy from the gods Odin and Thor.

We were almost beside ourselves with joy, but hunger bade us end our enforced

fast. Now that we had found fresh water in the open sea, what might we not

expect in this strange latitude where ship had never before sailed and the

splash of an oar had never been heard?


In vol.I, page 196, Nansen writes: "It is a peculiar phenomenon, - this dead

water. We had at present a better opportunity of studying it than we desired.

It occurs where a surface layer of fresh water rests upon the salt water of

the sea, and this fresh water is carried along with the ship gliding on the

heavier sea beneath it as if on a fixed foundation. The difference between

two strata was in this case so great that while we had drinking water on the

surface, the water we got from the bottom cock of the engine-room was far too

salt to be used for the boiler."


We had scarcely appeased our hunger when a breeze began filling the idle

sails, and, glancing at the compass, we found the northern point pressing hard

against the glass.

In response to my surprise, my father said: "I have heard of this before; it is

what they call the dipping of the needle."

We loosened the compass and turned it at right angles with the surface of the

sea before its point would free itself from the glass and point according to

unmolested attraction. It shifted uneasily, and seemed as unsteady as a drunken

man, but finally pointed a course.

Before this we thought the wind was carrying us north by northwest, but, with

the needle free, we discovered, if it could be relied upon, that we were

sailing slightly north by northeast. Our course, however, was ever tending



In volume II, pages 18 and 19, Nansen writes about the inclination of the needle. Speaking of Johnson, his aide: "One day - it was November 24th - he came in to supper a little after six o'clock, quite alarmed, and said: 'There has just been a singular inclination of the needle in twenty four degrees. And remarkably enough, its northern extremity pointed to the east.'" We again find in Peary's first voyage - page 67, - the following: "It had been observed that from the moment they had entered Lancaster Sound, the motion of the compass needle was very sluggish, and both this and its deviation increased as they progressed to the westward, and continued to do so in descending this inlet. Having reached latitude 73 degrees, they witnessed for the first time the curious phenomenon of the directive power of the needle becoming so weak as to be completely overcome by the attraction of the ship, so that the needle might now be said to point to the north pole of the ship."


The sea was serenely smooth, with hardly a choppy wave, and the wind brisk

and exhilarating. The sun's rays, while striking us aslant, furnished

tranquil warmth. And thus time wore on day after day, and we found from the

record in our log-book, we had been sailing eleven days since the storm in

the open sea.

By strictest economy, our food was holding out fairly well, but beginning to

run low. In the meantime, one of our casks of water had been exhausted, and

my father said: "We will fill it again." But, to our dismay, we found the water

was now as salt as in the region of the Lofoden Islands off the coast of

Norway. This necessitated our being extremely careful of the remaining cask.

I found myself wanting to sleep much of the time; whether it was the effect of

the exciting experience of sailing in unknown waters, or the relaxation from

the awful excitement incident to our adventure in a storm at sea, or due to

want of food, I could not say.

I frequently lay down on the bunker of our little sloop, and looked far up into

blue dome of the sky; and, notwithstanding the sun was shining far away in the

east, I always saw a single star overhead. For several days, when I looked for

this star, it was always there directly above us.

It was now, according to our reckoning, about the first of August. The sun was

high in the heavens, and was so bright that I could no longer see the one lone

star that attracted my attention a few days earlier.

One day about this time, my father startled me by calling my attention to a

novel sight far in front of us, almost at the horizon. "It is a mock sun,"

exclaimed my father. "I have read of them; it is called a reflection or mirage.

It will soon pass away."

But this dull-red, false sun, as we supposed it to be, did not pass away for

several hours; and while we were unconscious of its emitting any rays of light,

still there was no time thereafter when we could not sweet the horizon and

locate the illumination of the so-called false sun, during a period of at least

twelve hours out of every twenty-four.

Clouds and mists would at times almost, but never entirely, hide its location.

Gradually it seemed to climb higher in the horizon of the uncertain purply sky

as we advanced.

It could hardly be said to resemble the sun, except in its circular shape, and

when not obscured by clouds or the ocean mists, it had a hazy-red, bronzed

appearance, which would change to a white like a luminous cloud, as if

reflecting some greater light beyond.

We finally agreed in our discussion of this smoky furnace-colored sun, that,

whatever the cause of the phenomenon, it was not a reflection of our sun, but a

planet of some sort - a reality.


Nansen, on page 394, says: "Today another noteworthy thing happened, which was that about midday we saw the sun, or to be more correct, an image of the sun, for it was only a mirage. A peculiar impression was produced by the sight of that glowing fire lit just above the outermost edge of the ice. According to the enthusiastic descriptions given by many Arctic travelers of the first appearance of this god of life after the long winter night, the impression ought to be one of jubilant excitement; but it was not so in my case. We had not expected to see it for some days yet, so that my feeling was rather one of pain, of disappointment, that we must have drifted farther south than we thought. So it was with pleasure I soon discovered that it could not be the sun itself. The mirage was at first a flattened-out, glowing red streak of fire on the horizon; later there were two streaks, the one above the other, with a dark space between; and from the maintop I could see four, or even five, such horizontal lines directly over one another, all of equal length, as if one could only imagine a square, dull-red sun, with horizontal dark streaks across it."


One day soon after this, I felt exceedingly drowsy, and fell into a sound

sleep. But it seemed that I was almost immediately aroused by my father's

vigorous shaking of me by the shoulder and saying: "Olaf, awaken; there is

land in sight!"

I sprang to my feet, and oh! joy unspeakable! There, far in the distance,

yet directly in our path, were lands jutting boldly into the sea. The

shore-line stretched far away to the right of us, as far as the eye could

see, and all along the sandy beach were waves breaking into choppy foam,

receding, then going forward again, ever chanting in monotonous thunder

tones the song of the deep. The banks were covered with trees and vegetation.

I cannot express my feeling of exultation at this discovery. My father stood

motionless, with his hand on the tiller, looking straight ahead, pouring out

his heart in thankful prayer and thanksgiving to the gods Odin and Thor.

In the meantime, a net which we found in the stowage had been cast, and we

caught a few fish that materially added to our dwindling stock of provisions.

The compass, which we had fastened back in its place, in fear of another storm,

was still pointing due north, and moving on its pivot, just as it had in

Stockholm. The dipping of the needle had ceased. What could this mean? Then,

too, our many days of sailing had certainly carried us far past the North Pole.

And yet the needle continued to point north. We were sorely perplexed, for

surely our direction was now south.


Peary's first voyage, pages 69 and 70, says: "On reaching Sir Byam Martin's Island, the nearest to Melville Island, the latitude of the place of observation was 75 degrees-09'-23'', and the longitude 103 degrees-44'-37''; the dip of the magnetic needle of 88 degrees-25'-58'' west in the longitude of 91 degrees-48', where the last observations on the shore had been made, to 165 degrees-50'-09'', cast, at their present station, so that we had," says Peary, "in sailing over the space included between this two meridians, crossed immediately northward of the magnetic pole, and had undoubtedly passed over one of those spots upon the globe where the needle would have been found to vary 180 degrees, or in other words, where the North Pole would have pointed to south."



We sailed for three days along the shoreline, then came to the mouth of fjord

or river of immense size. It seemed more like a great bay, and into this we

turned our fishing-craft, the direction being slightly northeast of south. By

the assistance of a fretful wind that came to our aid about twelve hours out of

every twenty-four, we continued to make our way inland, into what afterward

proved to be a mighty river, and which we learned was called by the inhabitants


We continued our journey for ten days thereafter, and found we had fortunately

attained a distance inland where ocean tides no longer affected the water,

which had become fresh. The discovery came none to soon, for our remaining cask

of water was well-nigh exhausted. We lost no time in replenishing our casks,

and continued to sail farther up the river when the wind was favourable.

Along the banks great forests miles in extent could be seen stretching away

on the shore-line. The trees were of enormous size. We landed after anchoring

near a sandy beach, and waded ashore, and were rewarded by finding a quantity

of nuts that were very palatable and satisfying to hunger, and a welcome change

from the monotony of our stock of provisions.

It was about the first September, over five months, we calculated, since our

leave-taking from Stockholm. Suddenly we were frightened almost out of our wits

by hearing in the far distance the singing of people. Very soon thereafter we

discovered a huge ship gliding down the river directly toward us. Those aboard

were singing in one mighty chorus that, echoing from bank to bank, sounded like

a thousand voices, filling the whole universe with quivering melody. The

accompaniment was played on stringed instruments not unlike our harps.

It was a larger ship than any we had ever seen, and was differently



Asiatic Mythology, - page 240, "Paradise Found" - from translation by Sayce, in a book called "Records of the Past", we were told of a "dwelling" which "the gods created for" the first human beings, - a dwelling in which they "become great" and "increased in numbers", and the location of which is described in words exactly corresponding to those of Iranian, Indian, Chinese, Eddaic and Aztecan literature; namely, "in the center of the earth". - Warren.


At this particular time our sloop was becalmed, and not far from the shore.

The bank of the river, covered with mammoth trees, rose up several hundred

feet in beautiful fashion. We seemed to be on the edge of some primeval

forest that doubtless stretched far inland.

The immense craft paused, and almost immediately a boat was lowered and six

men of gigantic stature rowed to our little fishing-sloop. They spoke to us

in a strange language. We knew from their manner, however, that they were

not unfriendly. They talked a great deal among themselves, and one of them

laughed immoderately, as though in finding us a queer discovery had been made.

One of them spied our compass, and it seemed to interest them more than any

other part of our sloop.

Finally, the leader motioned as if to ask whether we were willing to leave

our craft to go on board their ship. "What say you, my son?" asked my father.

"They cannot do any more than kill us."

"They seem to be kindly disposed," I replied, "although what terrible giants!

They must be the select six of the kingdom's crack regiment. Just look at

their great size."

"We may as well go willingly as be taken by force," said my father, smiling,

"for they are certainly able to capture us." Thereupon he made known, by

signs, that we were ready to accompany them.

Within a few minutes we were on board the ship, and half an hour later our

little fishing-craft had been lifted bodily out of the water by a strange

sort of hook and tackle, and set on board as a curiosity.

There were several hundred people on board this, to us, mammoth ship, which

we discovered was called "The Naz," meaning, as we afterward learned,

"Pleasure," or to give a more proper interpretation, "Pleasure Excursion"


If my father and I were curiously observed by the ship's occupants, this

strange race of giants offered us an equal amount of wonderment.

There was not a single man aboard who would not have measured fully twelve

feet in height. They all wore full beards, not particularly long, but

seemingly short-cropped. They had mild and beautiful faces, exceedingly

fair, with ruddy complexions. The hair and beard of some were black, others

sandy, and still others yellow. The captain, as we designated the dignitary

in command of the great vessel, was fully a head taller than any of his

companions. The women averaged from ten to eleven feet in height. Their

features were especially regular and refined, while their complexion was of

a most delicate tint heightened by a healthful glow[Footnote].

[Footnote begin, Italic]

"According to all procurable data, that spot at the era of man's appearance

upon the stage was in the now lost 'Miocene continent,' which then surrounded

the Arctic Pole. That in that true, original Eden some of the early

generations of men attained to a stature and longevity unequaled in any

countries known to postdiluvian history is by no means scientifically

incredible." - Wm.F.Warren, "Paradise Found," p.284.

[Footnote end, No Italic]

Both men and women seemed to possess that particular case of manner which we

deem a sign of good breeding, and, notwithstanding their huge statures, there

was nothing about them suggesting awkwardness. As I was a lad in only my

nineteenth year, I was doubtless looked upon as a true Tom Thumb. My father's

six feet three did not lift the top of his head above the waist line of these


Each one seemed to vie with the others in extending courtesies and showing

kindness to us, but all laughed heartily, I remember, when they had to

improvise chairs for my father and myself to sit at table. They were richly

attired in a costume peculiar to themselves, and very attractive. The men

were clothed in handsomely embroidered tunics of silk and satin and belted

at the waist. They wore knee-breeches and stockings of a fine texture, while

their feet were encased in sandals adorned with gold buckles. We early

discovered that gold was one of the most common metals known, and that it

was used extensively in decoration.

Strange as it may seem, neither my father nor myself felt the least bit of

solicitude for our safety. "We have come into our own," my father said to me.

"This is the fulfillment of the tradition told me by my father and my father's

father, and still back for many generations of our race. This is, assuredly,

the land beyond the North Wind."

We seemed to make such an impression on the party that we were given specially

into the charge of one of the men, Jules Galdea, and his wife, for the purpose

of being educated in their language; and we, on our part, were just as eager to

learn as they were to instruct.

At the captain's command, the vessel was swung cleverly about, and began

retracing its course up the river. The machinery, while noiseless, was very


The banks and trees on either side seemed to rush by. The ship's speed, at

tomes, surpassed that of any railroad train on which I have ever ridden, even

here in America. It was wonderful.

In the meantime we had lost sight of the sun's rays, but we found a radiance

"within" emanating from the dull-red sun which had already attracted our

attention, now giving out a white light seemingly from a cloud-bank far away

in front of us. It dispensed a greater light, I should say, than two full

moons on the clearest night.

In twelve hours this cloud of whiteness would pass out of sight as if eclipsed,

and the twelve hours following corresponded with our night. We early learned

that these strange people were worshipers of this great cloud of night. It was

"The Smoky God" of the "Inner World."

The ship was equipped with a mode of illumination which I now presume was

electricity, but neither my father nor myself were sufficiently skilled in

mechanics to understand whence came the power to operate the ship, or to

maintain the soft beautiful lights that answered the same purpose of our

present methods of lighting the streets of our cities, our houses and places

of business.

It must be remembered, the time of which write was the autumn of 1829, and we

of the "outside" surface of the earth knew nothing then, so to speak, of


The electrically surcharged condition of the air was a constant vitalizer.

I never felt better in my life than during the two years my father and I

sojourned on the inside of the earth.

To resume my narrative of events: The ship on which we were sailing came to

a stop two days after we had been taken on board. My father said as nearly

as he could judge, we were directly under Stockholm or London. The city we

had reached was called "Jehu," signifying a seaport town. The houses were

large and beautifully constructed, and quite uniform in appearance, yet

without sameness. The principal occupation of the people appeared to be

agriculture; the hillsides were covered with vineyards, while the valleys

were devoted to the growing of grain.

I never saw such a display of gold. It was everywhere. The door-casings were

inlaid and the tables were veneered with sheetings of gold. Domes of the

public buildings were of gold. It was used most generously in the finishings

of the great temples of music.

Vegetation grew in lavish exuberance, and fruit of all kinds possessed the

most delicate flavour. Clusters of grapes four and five feet in length, each

grape as large as an orange, and apples larger than a man's head typified the

wonderful growth of all things on the "inside" of the earth.

The great redwood trees of California would be considered mere underbrush

compared with the giant forest trees extending for miles and miles in all

directions. In many directions along the foothills of the mountains vast

herds of cattle were seen during the last day of our travel on the river.

We heard much of a city called "Eden," but were kept at "Jehu" for an entire

year. By the end of that time we had learned to speak fairly well the language

of this strange race of people. Our instructors, Jules Galdea and his wife,

exhibited that was truly commendable.

One day an envoy from the Ruler at "Eden" came to see us, and for two whole

days my father and myself were put through a series of surprising questions.

They wished to know from whence we came, what sort of people dwelt "without,"

what God we worshiped, our religious beliefs, the mode of living in our strange

land, and a thousand other things.

The compass which we had brought with us attracted especial attention. My

father and I commented between ourselves on the fact that the compass still

pointed north, although we now knew that we had sailed over the curve or edge

of the earth's aperture, and were far along southward on the "inside" surface

of the earth's crust, which, according to my father's estimate and my own,

is about three hundred miles in thickness from the "inside" to the "outside"

surface. Relatively speaking, it is no thicker than an egg-shell, so that

there is almost as much surface on the "inside" as on the "outside" of the


The great luminous cloud or ball of dull-red fiery - fire-red in the mornings

and evenings, and during the day giving off a beautiful white light, "The

Smoky God," - is seemingly suspended in the center of the great vacuum

"within" the earth, and held to its place by the immutable law of gravitation,

or a repellant atmospheric force, as the case may be. I refer to the known

power that draws or repels with equal force in all directions.

The base of this electrical cloud or central luminary, the seat of the gods, is

dark and non-transparent, save for innumerable small openings, seemingly in the

bottom of the great support or altar of the Deity, upon which "The Smoky God"

rests; and, the lights shining through these many openings twinkle at night in

all their splendor, and seem to be stars, as natural as the stars we saw

shining when in our home at Stockholm, excepting that they appear larger.

"The Smoky God," therefore, with each daily revolution of the earth, appears

to come up in the east and go down in the west the same as does our sun on

the external surface. In reality, the people "within" believe that "The Smoky

God" is the throne of their Jehovah, and is stationary. The effect of night

and day is, therefore, produced by earth's daily rotation.

I have since discovered that the language of the people of the Inner World

is much like the Sanskrit.

After we had given an account of ourselves to the emissaries from the central

seat of government of the inner continent, and my father had, in his crude

way, drawn maps, at their request, of the "outside" surface of the earth,

showing the divisions of land and water, and giving the name of each of the

continents, large islands and the oceans, we were taken overland to the city

of "Eden," in a conveyance different from anything we have in Europe or

America. This vehicle was doubtless some electrical contrivance. It was

noiseless, and ran on a single iron rail in perfect balance. The trip was made

at a very high rate of speed. We were carried up hills and down dales, across

valleys and again along the sides of steep mountains, without any apparent

attempt having been made to level the earth as we do for railroad tracks.

The car seats were huge yet comfortable affairs, and very high above the

floor of the car. On the top of each car were high geared fly wheels lying

on their sides, which were so automatically adjusted that, as the speed of

the car increased, the high speed of these fly wheels geometrically increased.

Jules Galdea explained to us that these revolving fan-like wheels on top of

the cars destroyed atmospheric pressure, or what is generally understood by

the term gravitation, and with this force thus destroyed or rendered nugatory

the car is as safe from falling to one side or to other from the single ray

track as if it were in a vacuum; the fly wheels in their rapid revolutions

destroying effectually the so-called power of gravitation, or the force of

atmospheric pressure or whatever potent influence it may be that causes all

unsupported things to fall downward to the earth's surface or to the nearest

point of resistance.

The surprise of my father and myself was indescribable when, amid the regal

magnificence of a spacious hall, we were finally brought before the Great

High Priest, ruler over all the land. He was richly robed, and much taller

than those about him, and could not have been less than fourteen or fifteen

feet in height. The immense room in which we were received seemed finished

in solid slabs of gold thickly studded with jewels of amazing brilliancy.

The city of "Eden" is located in what seems to be a beautiful valley, yet,

in fact, it is on the loftiest mountain plateau of the Inner Continent,

several thousand feet higher than any portion of the surrounding country.

It is the most beautiful place I have ever beheld in all my travels. In

this elevated garden all manner of fruits, vines, shrubs, trees, and flowers

grow in riotous profusion.

In this garden four rivers have their source in a mighty artesian fountain.

They divide and flow in four directions. This place is called by inhabitants

the "navel of the earth," or the beginning, "the cradle of the human race."

The names of the rivers are the Euphrates, the Pison, the Gihon, and the



"And the Lord God planted a garden, and out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food." - The Book of Genesis.


The unexpected awaited us in this palace of beauty, in the finding of our

little fishing-craft. It had been brought before the High Priest in perfect

shape, just as it had been taken from the waters that day when it was loaded

on board the ship by the people who discovered us on the river more than a

year before.

We were given an audience of over two hours with this great dignitary, who

seemed kindly disposed and considerate. He showed himself eagerly interested,

asking us numerous questions, and invariably regarding things about which his

emissaries had failed to inquire.

At the conclusion of the interview he inquired our pleasure, asking us whether

we wished to remain in his country or if we preferred to return to the "outer"

world, providing it were possible to make a successful return trip, across the

frozen belt barriers that encircle both the northern and southern openings of

the earth.

My father replied: "It would please me and my son to visit your country and

see your people, your colleges and palaces of music and art, your great

fields, your wonderful forests of timber; and after we have had this

pleasurable privilege, we should like to try to return to our home on the

'outside' surface of the earth. This son is my only child, and my good wife

will be weary awaiting our return."

"I fear you can never return," replied the Chief High Priest, "because the way

is a most hazardous one. However, you shall visit the different countries with

Jules Galdea as your escort, and be accorded every courtesy and kindness.

Whenever you are ready to attempt a return voyage, I assure you that your boat

which is here on exhibition shall be put in the waters of the river Heddekel

at its mouth, and we will bid you Jehovah-speed."

Thus terminated our only interview with the High Priest or Ruler of the




We learned that the males do not marry before they are from seventy-five

to one hundred years old, and that the age at which women enter wedlock

is only a little less, and that both men and women frequently live to be

from six to eight hundred years old, and in some instances much older.


Josephus says: "God prolonged the life of the patriarchs that preceded the deluge, both on account of their virtues and to give them the opportunity of perfecting the sciences of geometry and astronomy, which they had discovered; which they could not have done if they had not lived 600 years, because it is only after the lapse of 600 years that the great year accomplished." - Flammarion, Astronomical Myths, Paris p. 26



During the following year we visited many villages and towns, prominent among

them being the cities of Nigi, Delfi, Hectea, and my father was called upon no

less than a half-dozen times to go over the maps which had been made from the

rough sketches he had originally given of the divisions of land and water on

the "outside" surface of the earth.

I remember hearing my father remark that the giant race of people in the land

of "The Smoky God" had almost as accurate an idea of the geography of the

"outside" surface of the earth as had the average college professor in


In our travels we came to a forest of gigantic trees, near the city of Delfi.

Had the Bible said there were trees towering over three hundred feet in height,

and more than thirty feet in diameter, growing in the Garden of Eden, the

Ingersolls, the Tom Paines and Voltaires would doubtless have pronounced the

statement a myth. Yet this is the description of California sequoia gigantea;

but these California giants pale into insignificance when compared with the

forest Goliaths found in the "within" continent, where abound mighty trees from

eight hundred to one thousand feed in height, and from one hundred to one

hundred and twenty feet in diameter; countless in numbers and forming forests

extending hundreds of miles back from the sea.

The people are exceedingly musical, and learned to a remarkable degree in their

arts and sciences, especially geometry and astronomy. Their cities are equipped

with vast palaces of music, where not infrequently as many as twenty-five

thousand lusty voices of this giant race swell forth in mighty choruses of the

most sublime symphonies.

The children are not supposed to attend institutions of learning before they

are twenty years old. Then their school life begins and continues for thirty

years, ten of which are uniformly devoted by both sexes to study of music.

Their principal vocations are architecture, agriculture, horticulture, the

raising of vast herds of cattle, and the building of conveyances peculiar to

that country, for travel on land and water. By some device which I cannot

explain, they hold communion with one another between the most distant parts

of their country, on air currents.

All buildings are erected with special regard to strength, durability, beauty

and symmetry, and with a style of architecture vastly more attractive to the

eye than any I have ever observed elsewhere.

About three-fourth of the "inner" surface of the earth is land and about

one-fourth water. There are numerous rivers of tremendous size, some flowing

in a northerly direction and others southerly. Some of these rivers are thirty

miles in width, and it is out of these vast waterways, at the extreme northern

and southern parts of the "inside" surface of the earth, in regions where low

temperatures are experienced, that freshwater iceberg are formed. They are then

pushed out to sea like huge tongues of ice, by the abnormal freshets of

turbulent waters that, twice every year, sweep everything before them.

We saw innumerable specimens of bird-life no larger than those encountered

in the forests of Europe or America. It is well known that during the last

few years whole species of birds have quit the earth. A writer in recent

article on this subject says::


"Almost every year sees the final extinction of one or more bird species. Out of fourteen varieties of birds found a century since on a single island - the West Indian island of St. Thomas - eight have now to be numbered among the missing."


Is it not possible that these disappearing bird species quit their habitation

without, and find an asylum in the "within world"?

Whether inland among the mountains, or along the seashore, we found bird life

prolific. When they spread their great wings some of the birds appeared to

measure thirty feet from tip to tip. They are of great variety and many colors.

We were permitted to climb up on the edge of a rock and examine a nest of eggs.

There were five in the nest, each of which was at least two feet in length and

fifteen inches in diameter.

After we had been in the city of Hectea about a week. Professor Galdea took

us to an inlet, where we saw thousands of tortoises along the sandy shore.

I hesitate to state the size of these great creatures. They were from

twenty-five to thirty feet in width and fully seven feet in height. When one

of them projected its head it had the appearance of some hideous sea monster.

The strange conditions "within" are favorable not only for vast meadows of

luxuriant grasses, forests of giant trees, and all manner of vegetation life,

but wonderful animal life as well.

One day we saw a great herd of elephants. There must have been five hundred

of these thunder-throated monsters, with their restlessly waving trunks.

They were tearing huge boughs from the trees and trampling smaller growth

into dust like so much hazel-brush. They would average over 100 feet in

length and 75 to 85 in height.

It seemed, as I gazed upon this wonderful herd of giant elephants, that I was

again living in the public library at Stockholm, where I had spent much time

studying the wonders of the Miocene age. I was filled with mute astonishment,

and my father was speechless with awe. He held my arm with a protecting grip,

as if fearful harm would overtake us. We were two atoms in this great forest,

and, fortunately unobserved by this vast herd of elephants as they drifted on

and away, following a leader as does a herd of sheep. They browsed from

growing herbage which they encountered as they traveled, and now and again

shook the firmament with their deep bellowing[Footnote].

[Footnote begin, Italic]

"Moreover, there were a great number of elephants in the island: and there was

provision for animals of every kind. Also whatever fragrant things there are in

the earth, whether roots or herbage, or woods, or distilling drops of flowers

or fruits, grew and thrived in that land." - The Cratyluo of Plato.

[Footnote end, No Italic]

There is a hazy mist that goes up from the land each evening, and it invariably

rains once every twenty-four hours. This great moisture and invigorating

electrical light and warmth account perhaps for the luxuriant vegetation,

while the highly charged electrical air and the evenness of climatic conditions

may have much to do with giant growth and longevity of all animal life.

In places the level valleys stretched away for many miles in every direction.

"The Smoky God", in its clear white light, looked calmly down. There was an

intoxication in the electrically surcharged air that fanned the cheek as softly

as a vanishing whisper. Nature chanted a lullaby in the faint murmur of winds

whose breath was sweet with the fragrance of bud and blossom.

After having spent considerably more than a year in visiting several of the

many cities of the "within" world and a great deal of intervening country,

and more then two years had passed from the time we had been picked up by

the great excursion ship on the river, we decided to cast our fortunes once

more upon the sea, and endeavor to regain the "outside" surface of the earth.

We made known our wishes, and they were reluctantly but promptly followed. Our

hosts gave my father, at his request, various maps showing the entire "inside"

surface of the earth, its cities, oceans, seas, rivers, gulfs and bays. They

also generously offered to give us all the bags of gold nuggets - some of them

as large as goose's egg - that we were willing to attempt to take with us in

our little fishing-boat.

In due time we returned to Jehu, at which place we spent one month in fixing up

and overhauling our little fishing sloop. After all was in readiness, the same

ship "Naz" that originally discovered us, took us on board and sailed to the

mouth of the river Hiddekel.

After our giant brothers had launched our little craft for us, they were most

cordially regretful at parting, and evinced much solicitude for our safety. My

father swore by the Gods Odin and Thor that he would surely return again within

a year or two and pay them another visit. And thus we bade them adieu. We made

ready and hoisted our sail, but there was little breeze. We were becalmed

within an hour after our giant friends had left us and started on their return


The winds were constantly blowing south, that is, they were blowing from

northern opening of the earth toward that which we knew to be south, but

which, according to our compass's pointing finger, was directly north.

For three days we tried to sail, and to beat against the wind, but to no avail.

Whereupon my father said: "My son, to return by the same route as we came in is

impossible at this time of year. I wonder why we did not think of this before.

We have been here almost two and a half years; therefore, this is the season

when the sun is beginning to shine in at the southern opening of the earth. The

long cold night is on in the Spitzbergen country."

"What shell we do?" I inquired.

"There is only one thing we can do," my father replied, "and that is to go

south." Accordingly, he turned the craft about, gave it full reef, and started

by the compass north but, in fact, directly south. The wind was strong, and we

seemed to have struck a current that was running with remarkable swiftness in

the same direction.

In just forty days we arrived at Delfi, a city we had visited in company with

our guides Jules Galdea and his wife, near the mouth of the Gihon river. Here

we stopped for two days, and were most hospitably entertained by the same

people who had welcomed us on our former visit. We laid in some additional

provisions and again set sail, following the needle due north.

On our outward trip we came through a narrow channel which appeared to be a

separating body of water between two considerable bodies of land. There was a

beautiful beach to our right, and we decided to reconnoiter. Casting anchor, we

waded ashore to rest up for a day before continuing the outward hazardous

undertaking. We built a fire and threw on some sticks of dry driftwood. While

my father was walking along the shore, I prepared a tempting repast from

supplies we had provided.

There was a mild, luminous light which my father said resulted from the sun

shining in from the south aperture of the earth. That night we slept soundly,

and awakened the next morning as refreshed as if we had been in our own beds

at Stockholm.

After breakfast we started out on an inland tour of discovery, but had not gone

far when we sighted some birds which we recognized at once as belonging to the

penguin family. They are flightless birds, but excellent swimmers and

tremendous in size, with white breast, short wings, black head, and long peaked

bills. They stand fully nine feet high. They looked at us with little surprise,

and presently waddled, rather than walked, toward the water, and swam away in

a northerly direction[Footnote].

[Footnote begin, Italic]

"The nights are never so dark at the Poles as in other regions, for the moon

and stars seem to possess twice as much light and effulgence. In addition,

there is a continuos light, the varied shades and play of which are amongst

the strangest phenomena of nature." - Rambrosson's Astronomy.

[Footnote end, No Italic]

The events that occurred during the following hundred or more days beggar

description. We were on an open and iceless sea. The month we reckoned to

be November or December, and we knew the so-called South Pole was turned

toward the sun. Therefore, when passing out and away from the internal

electrical light of "The Smoky God" and its genial warmth, we would be met

by the light and warmth of the sun, shining in through the south opening of

the earth. We were not mistaken[Footnote].

[Footnote begin, Italic]

"The fact that gives the phenomenon of the polar aurora its greatest importance

is that the earth becomes self-luminous; that, besides the light which as a

planet is received from the central body, it shows a capability of sustaining a

luminous process proper to itself." - Humboldt.

[Footnote end, No Italic]

There were times when our little craft, driven by wind that was continuos and

persistent, shot through the waters like an arrow. Indeed, had we encountered

a hidden rock or obstacle, our little vessel would gave been crushed into


At last we were conscious that the atmosphere was growing decidedly colder,

and, a few days later, icebergs were sighted far to the left. My father argued,

and correctly, that the winds which filled our sails came from the warm climate

"within." The time of the year was certainly most auspicious for us to make our

dash for the "outside" world and attempt to scud our fishing sloop through open

channels of the frozen zone which surrounds the polar regions.

We were soon amid the ice-packs, and now our little craft got through the

narrow channels and escaped being crushed I know not. The compass behaved in

the same drunken and unreliable fashion in passing over the southern curve or

edge of the earth's shell as it had done on our inbound trip at the northern

entrance. It gyrated, dipped and seemed like a thing possessed[Footnote].

[Footnote begin, Italic]

Captain Sabine, on page 105 in "Voyages in the Arctic Regions," says: "The

geographical determination of the direction and intensity of the magnetic

forces at different points of the earth's surface has been regarded as an

object worthy of especial research. To examine in different parts of the

globe, the declination, inclination and intensity of the magnetic force,

and their periodical and secular variations, and mutual relations and

dependencies could be duly investigated only in fixed magnetic 


[Footnote end, No Italic]

One day as I was lazily looking over the sloop's side into the clear waters,

my father shouted: "Breakers ahead!" Looking up, I saw through a lifting mist

a white object that towered several hundred feet high, completely shooting off

our advance. We lowered sail immediately, and none too soon. In a moment we

found ourselves wedged between two monstrous icebergs. Each was crowding and

grinding against its fellow mountain of ice. They were like two gods of war

contending for supremacy. We were greatly alarmed. Indeed, we were between

the lines of a battle royal; the sonorous thunder of the grinding ice was

like the continued volleys of artillery. Blocks of ice larger than a house

were frequently lifted up a hundred feet by the mighty force of lateral

pressure; they would shudder and rock to and fro for a few seconds, then come

crashing down with a deafening roar, and disappear in the foaming waters.

Thus, for more than two hours, the contest of the icy giants continued.

It seemed as if the end had come. The ice pressure was terrific, and while we

were not caught in the dangerous part of the jam, and were safe for the time

being, yet the heaving and rending of tons of ice as it fell splashing here and

there into the watery depths filled us with shaking fear.

Finally, to our great joy, the grinding of the ice ceased, and within a few

hours the great mass slowly divided, and, as if an act of Providence had been

performed, right before us lay an open channel. Should we venture with our

little craft into this opening? If the pressure came on again, our little

sloop as well as ourselves would be crushed into nothingness. We decided to

take the chance, and, accordingly, hoisted our sail to a favoring breeze,

and soon started out like a race-horse, running the gauntlet of this unknown

narrow channel of open water.




For the next forty-five days our time was employed in dodging icebergs

and hunting channels; indeed, had we not been favored with a strong

south wind and a small boat, I doubt if this story could have ever been

given to the world.

At last, there came a morning when my father said: "My son, I think we

are to see home. We are almost through the ice. See! the open water lies

before us."

However, there were a few icebergs that had floated far northward into

the open water still ahead of us on either side, stretching away for

many miles. Directly in front of us, and by the compass, which had now

righted itself, due north, there was an open sea.

"What a wonderful story we have to tell the people of Stockholm,"

continued my father, while a look of pardonable elation lighted up his

honest face. "And think of the gold nuggets stowed away in the hold!"

I spoke kind words of praise to my father, not alone for this fortitude

and endurance, but also for this courageous daring as a discoverer, and

for having made the voyage that now promised a successful end. I was

grateful, too, that he had gathered the wealth of gold we were carrying


While congratulating ourselves on the goodly supply of provisions and

water we still had on hand, and on the dangers we had escaped, we were

startled by hearing a most terrific explosion, caused by the tearing

apart of huge mountain of ice. It was a deafening roar like the firing

of thousand cannon. We were sailing at the time with great speed, and

happened to be near a monstrous iceberg which to all appearances was as

immovable as a rockbound island. It seemed, however, that the iceberg

had split and was breaking apart, whereupon the balance of the monster

along which we sailing was destroyed, and it began dipping from us. My

father quickly anticipated the danger before I realized its awful

possibilities. The iceberg extended down into the water many hundreds of

feet, and, as it tipped over, the portion coming up out of the water

caught our fishing-craft like a lever on a fulcrum, and threw it into

the air as if it had been a foot-ball.

Our boat fell back on the iceberg, that by this time had changed the

side next to us for the top. My father was still in the boat, having

become entangled in the rigging, while I was thrown some twenty feet


I quickly scrambled to my feet and shouted to my father, who answered:

"All is well." Just then a realization dawned upon me. Horror upon

horror! The blood froze in my veins. The iceberg was still in motion,

and its great weight and force in toppling over would cause it to

submerge temporarily. I fully realized what a sucking maelstrom it would

produce amid the worlds of water on every side. They would rush into the

depression in all their fury, like white-fanged wolves eager for human


In this supreme moment of mental anguish, I remember glancing at our

boat, which was lying on its side, and wondering if it could possibly

right itself, and if my father could escape. Was this the end of our

struggles and adventures? Was this death? All these questions flashed

through my mind in the fraction of a second, and a moment later I was

engaged in a life and death struggle. The ponderous monolith of ice

sank below the surface, and the frigid waters gurgled around me in

frenzied anger. I was in a saucer, with the waters pouring in on every

side. A moment more and I lost consciousness.

When I partially recovered my senses, and roused from the swoon of a

half-drowned man, I found myself wet, stiff, and almost frozen, lying on

the iceberg. But there was no sign of my father or of our little fishing

sloop. The monster berg had recovered itself, and, with its new balance,

lifted its head perhaps fifty feet above the waves. The top of this

island of ice was a plateau perhaps half an acre in extent.

I loved my father well, and was grief-stricken at the awfulness of his

death. I railed at fate, that I, too, had not been permitted to sleep

with him in the depths of the ocean. Finally, I climbed to my feed and

looked about me. The purple-domed sky above, the shore less green ocean

beneath, and only an occasional iceberg discernible! My heart sank in

hopeless despair. I cautiously picked my way across the berg toward the

other side, hoping that our fishing craft had righted itself.

Dared I think it possible that may father still lived? It was but a ray

of hope that flamed up in my heart. But the anticipation warmed my blood

in my veins and started it rushing like some rare stimulant through

every fiber of my body.

I crept close to the precipitous side of the iceberg, and peered far

down, hoping, still hoping. Then I made a circle of the berg, scanning

every foot of the way, and thus I kept going around and around. One part

of my brain was certainly becoming maniacal, while the other part, I

believe, and do to this day, was perfectly rational.

I was conscious of having made the circuit a dozen times, and while one

part of my intelligence knew, in all reason, there was not a vestige of

hope, yet some strange fascinating aberration bewitched and compelled me

still to beguile myself with expectation. The other part of my brain

seemed to tell me that while there was no possibility of my father being

alive, yet, if I quit making the circuit-... ...ous pilgrimage, if I

paused for a single moment, it would be acknowledgement of defeat, and,

should I do this, I felt that I should go mad. Thus, hour after hour I

walked around and around, afraid to stop and rest, yet physically

powerless to continue much longer. Oh! horror of horrors! to be cast

away in this wide expanse of waters without food or drink, and only a

treacherous iceberg for an abiding place. My heart sank within me, and

all semblance of hope was fading into black despair.

Then the hand of the Deliverer was extended, and death-like stillness of

a solitude rapidly becoming unbearable was suddenly broken by the firing

of a signal-gun. I looked up in startled amazement, when, I saw, less

than a half-mile away, a whaling-vessel bearing down toward me with her

sail full set.

Evidently my continued activity on iceberg had attracted their

attention. On drawing near, they put out a boat, and, descending

cautiously to the water's edge, I was rescued, and a little later lifted

on board the whaling-ship.

I found it was Scotch whaler, "The Arlington." She had cleared from

Dundee in September, and started immediately for the Antarctic, in

search of whales. The captain, Angus MacPherson, seemed kindly disposed,

but in matters of discipline, as I soon learned, possessed of an iron

will. When I attempted to tell him that I had come from the "inside" of

the earth, the captain and mate looked at each other, shook their heads,

and insisted on my being put in a bunk under strict surveillance of the

ship's physician.

I was very weak for want of food, and had not slept for many hours.

However, after a few days, I got up one morning and dressed myself

without asking permission of the physician or anyone else, and told them

that I was as sane as anyone.

The captain sent for me and again questioned me concerning where I had

come from, and how I came to be alone on an iceberg in the far off

Antarctic Ocean. I replied that I had just come from the "inside" of the

earth, and proceeded to tell him how my father and myself had gone in by

way of Spitzbergen, and come out by way of the South Pole country,

whereupon I was put in irons. I afterward heard the captain tell the

mate that I was as crazy as a March hare, and that I must remain in

confinement until I was rational enough to give a truthful account of


Finally after much pleading and many promises, I was released from

irons. I then and there decided to invent some story that would satisfy

the captain, and again refer to my trip to the land of "The Smoky God,"

at least until I was safe among friends.

Within a fortnight I was permitted to go about and take my place as one

of the seamen. A little later the captain asked me for an explanation. I

told him that my experience had been so horrible that I was fearful of

my memory, and begged him to permit me to leave the question unanswered

until some time in the future. "I think you are recovering

considerably," he said, "but you are not sane yet by a good deal."

"Permit me to do such work as you may assign," I replied, "and if it

does not compensate you sufficiently, I will pay you immediately after I

reach Stockholm - to the last penny." Thus the matter rested.

On finally reaching Stockholm, as I have already related, I found that

my good mother had gone to her reward more than a year before. I have

also told now, later, the treachery of a relative landed me in a

madhouse, where I remained for twenty-eight years - seemingly unending

years - and, still later, after my release, how I returned to the life

of a fisherman, following it sedulously for twenty-seven years, then how

I came to America, and finally to Los Angeles, California. But all this

can be of little interest to the reader. Indeed, it seems to me the

climax of my wonderful travels and strange adventures was reached when

the Scotch sailing-vessel took me from an iceberg on the Antarctic



In concluding this history of my adventures, I wish to state that I firmly

believe science is yet in its infancy concerning the cosmology of the earth.

There is so much that is unaccounted for by the world's accepted knowledge

of to-day, and will ever remain so until the land of "The Smoky God" is known

and recognized by our geographers.

It is the land from whence came the great logs of cedar that have been found

by explorers in open waters far over the northern edge of the earth's crust,

and also the bodies of mammoths whose bones are found in vast beds on the

Siberian coast.

Northern explorers have done much. Sir John Franklin, De Haven Grinnell,

Sir John Murray, Kane, Melville, Hall, Nansen, Schwatka, Greely, Peary,

Ross, Gerlache, Bernacchi, Andree, Amsden, Amundson and others have all

been striving to storm the frozen citadel of mystery.

I firmly believe that Andree and two brave companions, Strindberg and

Fraenckell, who sailed away in the balloon "Oreon" from the northwest coast

of Spitzbergen on that Sunday afternoon of July 11, 1897, are now in the

"within" world, and doubtless are being entertained as my father and myself

were entertained by the kind-hearted giant race inhabiting the inner Atlantic


Having, in my humble way, devoted years to these problems, I am well acquainted

with the accepted definitions of gravity, as well as the cause of the magnetic

needle's attraction, and I am prepared to say that it is my firm belief that

the magnetic needle is influenced solely by electric currents which completely

envelop the earth like a garment, and that these electric currents in an

endless circuit pass out of the southern end of the earth's cylindrical

opening, diffusing and spreading themselves over all the "outside" surface,

and rushing madly on in their course toward the North Pole. And while these

currents seemingly dash off into space at the earth's curve or edge, yet they

drop again to the "inside" surface and continue their way southward along the

inside of the earth's crust, toward the opening of the so-called South


[Footnote begin, Italic]

"Mr. Lemstrom concluded that an electric discharge which could only be seen by

means of the spectroscope was taking place on the surface of the ground all

around him, and that from a distance it would appear as a faint display of

Aurora, the phenomena of pale and flaming light which is some times seen on

the top of the Spitzbergen Mountains." - The Arctic Manual, page 739.

[Footnote end, No Italic]

As to gravity, no one knows what it is, because it has not been determined

whether it is atmospheric pressure that causes the apple to fall, or whether,

150 miles below the surface of the earth, supposedly one-half way through the

earth's crust, there exist some powerful loadstone attraction that draws it.

Therefore, whether the apple, when it leaves the limb of the tree, is drawn

or impelled downward to the nearest point of resistance, is unknown to the

students of physics.

Sir James Ross claimed to have discovered the magnetic pole at about

seventy-four degrees latitude. This is wrong - the magnetic pole is exactly

one-half the distance through the earth's crust. Thus, if the earth's crust

is three hundred miles in thickness, which is the distance I estimate it to

be, then the magnetic pole is undoubtedly one hundred and fifty miles below

the surface of the earth, it matters not where the test is made. And at this

particular point one hundred and fifty miles below the surface, gravity ceases,

becomes neutralized; and when we pass beyond that point on toward the "inside"

surface of the earth, a reverse attraction geometrically increases in power,

until the other one hundred and fifty miles of distance is traversed, which

would bring us out on the "inside" of the earth.

Thus, if a hole were bored down through the earth's crust at London, Paris,

New York, Chicago, or Los Angeles, a distance of three hundred miles, it

would connect the two surfaces. While the inertia and momentum of a weight

dropped in from the "outside" surface would carry it far past the magnetic

center, yet, before reaching the "inside" surface of the earth it would

gradually diminish in speed, after passing the half-way point, finally pause

and immediately fall back toward the "outside" surface, and continue thus to

oscillate, like the swinging of a pendulum with the power removed, until it

would finally rest at the magnetic center, or at that particular point exactly

one-half the distance between the "outside" surface and the "inside" surface

of the earth.

The gyration of the earth in its daily act of whirling around in its spiral

rotation - at the rate greater than one thousand miles every hour, or about

seventeen miles per second - makes of it a vast Electro-generating body, a

huge machine, a mighty prototype of the puny-man-made dynamo, which, at best,

is but a feeble imitation of nature's original.

The valleys of this inner Atlantis Continent, bordering the upper waters of the

farthest north are in season covered with the most magnificent and luxuriant

flowers. Not hundreds and thousands, but millions, of acres, from which the

pollen or blossoms are carried far away in almost every direction by the

earth's spiral gyrations and the agitation of the wind resulting therefrom,

and it is these blossoms or pollen from the vast floral meadows "within"

that produce the colored snows of the Arctic regions that have so mystified

the northern explorers[Footnote].

[Footnote begin, Italic]

Kane, vol.I, page 44, says: "We passed the 'crimson cliffs' of Sir John Ross

in the forenoon of August 5th. The patches of red snow from which they derive

their name could be seen clearly at the distance of ten miles from the coast."

La Chambre, in an account of Andree's balloon expedition, on page 144, says:

"On the isle of Amsterdam the snow is tinted with red for a considerable

distance, and the savants are collecting it to examine it microscopically.

It presents, in fact, certain peculiarities; it is thought that it contains

very small plants. Scorebly, the famous whaler, had already remarked this."

[Footnote end, No Italic]

Beyond question, this new land "within" is the home, the cradle, of the human

race, and viewed from the standpoint of the discoveries made by us, must of

necessity have a most important bearing on all physical, paleontological,

archaeological, phylological, and mythological theories of antiquity.

The same idea of going back to the land of mystery - to the very beginning -

to the origin of man - is found in Egyptian traditions of the earlier

terrestrial regions of the gods, heroes and men, from the historical fragments

of Manetho, fully verified by the historical records taken from the more

recent excavations of Pompeii as well as traditions of the North American



It is now one hour past midnight - the new year of 1908 is here, and this is

the third day thereof, and having at last finished the record of my strange

travels and adventures I wish given to the world, I am ready, and even longing,

for the peaceful rest which I am sure will follow life's trials and

vicissitudes. I am old in years, and ripe both with adventures and sorrows,

yet rich with the few friends I have cemented to me in my struggles to lead a

just and upright life. Like a story that is well-nigh told, my life is ebbing

away. The presentiment is strong within me that I shall not live to see the

rising of another sun. Thus do I conclude my message.

Olaf Jansen.


I found much difficulty in deciphering and editing the manuscripts of Olaf

Jansen. However, I have taken the liberty of reconstructing only a very few

expressions, and in doing this have in no way changed the spirit or meaning.

Otherwise, the original text has neither been added to nor taken from.

It is impossible for me to express my opinion as to the value or reliability

of the wonderful statements made by Olaf Jansen. The description here given

of the strange lands and people visited by him, location of cities, the names

and directions of rivers, and other information herein combined, conform in

every way to the rough drawings given into my custody by this ancient Norsman,

which drawings together with the manuscript it is my intention at some later

date to give to the Smithsonian Institution, to preserve for the benefit of

those interested in the mysteries of the "Farthest North" - the frozen circle

of silence. It is certain there are many things in Vedic literature, in

"Josephus," the "Odyssey," the "Iliad," Terrien de Lacouperie's "Early History

of Chinese Civilization," Flammarion's "Astronomical Myths," Lenormant's

"Beginnings of the History," Hesiod's "Theogony," Sir John de Maundeville's

writings, and Sayce's "Records of the Past," that, to say the least, are

strangely in harmony with the seemingly incredible text found in the yellow

manuscript of the old Norseman, Olaf Jansen, and now for the first time given

to the world.






Sometime prior to 1901, the French Government, wishing to determine more

accurately the actual size of the Earth, so that they could revise and

refine their calculations regarding the distance to the sun, hit on a way

to measure the difference in distance apart at the top of two lines

perpendicular to the surface of the Earth and the bottom of those same two

lines. They wanted a pair of lines long enough to give them an appreciable

measurement. Obviously they could not erect two parallel poles a mile high,

but they did feel they could suspend two plumb bobs a mile deep into a mine

shaft, and thus be able to measure the distance apart at the top and the

distance apart at the bottom, which would be slightly less. They wanted to

know exactly how much less.

The result of these tests were very strange. So strange that the French

Geodetic scientists contacted the scientists of the American Geodetic

Survey and conveyed their results to them, with the request that similar

tests be conducted in this country. Officially, nothing was done for some

years. But in 1901, one of the Geodetic surveyors happened to be working

in the vicinity of the Tamarack mines near Calumet, Michigan. He contacted

the chief engineer at Tamarack, and informed him of the information

transmitted by the French government.

Two mine shafts were selected, and plumb lines exactly 4250 feet long were

suspended in each mine. At the end of these lines a sixty pound bob was hung.

In order to prevent movement through a horizontal direction, each bob was

suspended in a tank of oil placed at the bottom of the mine shafts. In this

way, it was reasoned, magnetic forces could not affect them. The lines used

to suspend the bobs were No.24 piano wires. For twenty-for hours the lines

were allowed to hang, so that there would be no possibility of movement from

putting them in place still remaining in the lines. The measurements were


It was then that it was discovered that the French Geodetic engineers had not

made a mistake. Careful re-checking proved that the lines, contrary to

expectations, were farther apart at the bottom than at the top!

There can be only one implication to such a strange result - the center of

gravity is not, as previously believed, at the center of the Earth.

Greatly puzzled, and not a little disturbed, the Tamarack engineer sent

for Professor McNair of the Michigan College of Mines. With McNair there

to check his results, the experiment was repeated, the measurements gone

over again, and both men were convinced that no error had been made.

Professor McNair suggested that the plumb bobs be changed to a non-magnetic

metal to overcome any possibility of magnetic attraction or repulsion due

to magnetic ore body nearby. But when this was done, the same figures were

arrived at. If magnetic influences had been at work, they would have varied

with different metals, but they did not.

Now, suggested McNair, it would be a good idea to prevent air currents from

traveling up and down the mine shafts which might be affecting the plumb

lines. Thus, both mine shafts were sealed at the top. Once more the figures

remained the same.

Professor McNair, when questioned, stated for publication that he had proved

that magnetic attraction from the Earth or the sides of the shaft did not

cause the strange divergence. Then he went back to the Michigan College of

Mines and wiped the whole thing from his mind.

A second series of experiments were conducted at Calumet. This time two

elevator shafts into the mine were used instead of one, those numbered two

and fife. These two were 4250 feet apart, and were also 4250 feet deep.

They were connected at the bottom by a perfectly straight transverse tunnel.

Now plumb bobs were hung in each shafts, and measurements were made. This

time it was found that the plumb lines were 8.22 inches farther apart at

the bottom than at the top. It did not take the Tamarack engineer long to

discover that this figure exactly represents the divergence that would be

necessary to complete a 360 degree spherical circumference. There was only

one difficulty - as expressed by the plumb lines, it would be the

circumference of the inside of a sphere, and not the outside! Further, the

center of gravity, as expressed by the angles formed by the plumb lines,

would be approximately 4,000 miles out in space!

Obviously this could not be true, because if the Chinese were to make

calculations based on a similar pair of mine shafts in their country,

on the opposite side of the globe, the center of gravity would be found

to be 4000 lines in the other direction.

The Earth is a sphere (with certain very minor irregularities). We live

on the outside of it. The Moon circles the Earth, and the Earth circles

the Sun. Some force holds them all in orbit and their relationships to

each other. It is said that gravitation is that force. It is said the

Moon's orbit is maintained because the attraction of mass of both bodies

is exactly counterbalanced by centrifugal force. The Earth system is

maintained in its orbit about the sun by the same delicate balance. Could

it be that there is no such thing as "attraction of mass?"

Or could it be that the Earth is really some other shape - even hollow?





A Guide to the Inner Earth, Bruce Walton, 1983

           This book is a huge list of the great number of manuscripts published on the Inner Earth.
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Price: 18.00 
Paperback Spiral edition (December 1983)
Health Research; ISBN: 0787309303
Availability: This title usually ships within 4-6 weeks.

I dare not allow the facts as I know them to be published while I am living, for fear of further humiliation, confinement and suffering. First of all, I was put in irons by the captain of the whaling vessel that rescued me, for no other reason than that I told the truth about the marvelous discoveries made by my father and myself. But this was far from being the end of my tortures. - Olaf Janssen, "The Smoky God" smokygod1a.JPG (21589 bytes)"The Smoky God", Willis George Emerson - Turn of the century journey into the Inner Earth and coming into the company of friendly Giants. A  journey taken by a father and his son through the polar opening by way of Norway. The storyteller Olaf Janssen lived his final days in Glendale, California where before dying, he told his full story to one of his neighbors - a novelist George Emerson. The Smoky God (1908) is a classic among Hollow Earthers. 

If you wish to have the printed manuscript for your personal library you may order through

Subterranean Worlds Inside Earth , The Smoky God, and Other Inner Earth Mysteries
by Timothy Green Beckley
Paperback (May 1992)
Inner Light Pubns; ISBN: 0938294229

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Timothy Beckley has included several articles on the  Hollow Earth and the Subterranean with the classic "The Smoky God".  A must have for the Hollow Earth researcher.


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